Maharashtra has vibrant culture, rich traditions, and exquisite craftsmanship. Among its many cultural treasures, the traditional gold jewellery of Maharashtra holds a special place. The designs are unique and followed by the people of Maharashtra for generations. The Marathi people prefer to preserve their Maharashtrian culture and therefore, they pass their traditional gold jewellery from one generation to another.
In this article, let us explore the rich heritage of Maharashtra’s traditional gold jewellery, its significance, styles, and enduring allure.
The history of traditional gold jewellery in Maharashtra can be traced back centuries. The region has witnessed the influence of various dynasties and empires, including the Satavahanas, Rashtrakutas, Yadavas, and Marathas. Each era contributed to developing and refining jewellery styles, reflecting the region’s cultural diversity and artistic ingenuity.
If you dive into the distinctive styles of Maharashtrian jewelry, you will surely be amazed. Different types of noticeable styles showcase the artistic heritage of the state. Some of the unique styles of traditional Maharashtrian gold jewellery are:
- Kolhapuri Saaj: It is the most uniquely designed traditional gold necklace in Maharashtra that is designed with 21 leaves or pendants. The necklace is named after Kolhapur, a city in Maharashtra, and it signifies the mythological beliefs of the people. You can find different types of saaj as Peshwai Kolhapuri saaj, Rukminai Kolhapuri saaj, plain kolhapuri saaj, and 12 pani Kolhapuri saaj.
- Nath: It is one of the most iconic pieces of Maharashtrian jewellery. It is also called Motyanchi nath as it is made of pearls and colorful stones. The Marathi bridal look is incomplete without this incredible piece of jewelry. It comes in different styles such as simple nath, Peshwai nath, Brahmi nath, Banu nath, etc.
- Thushi: It is one of the most beautiful and traditional Maharashtrian necklaces worn by every married woman in Maharashtra. It is designed by closely placing golden balls and a small pendant in the middle. It is a lightweight and budget-friendly gold necklace worn by every Marathi bride.
- Mangalsutra: A gold mangalsutra in Maharashtra is the symbol of the marital bond and the state’s cultural identity. It is designed by weaving gold and black beads in a gold chain with a uniquely designed pendant in the middle. The pendant is made of two hollow bowls from the inner side. The two bowls are “vatis” and symbolize Lord Shiva and Shakti.
Traditional gold jewellery of Maharashtra holds deep cultural and symbolic significance. It enhances the wearer’s beauty and serves as a marker of identity, tradition, and celebration. Many jewellery pieces are associated with specific rituals, ceremonies, and milestones, such as weddings, festivals, and other auspicious occasions. They are cherished as family heirlooms and passed down from generation to generation, symbolising the continuity of tradition and the enduring ties of family and community.
In conclusion, the traditional gold jewellery of Maharashtra is the symbol of its cultural heritage and excellent artistic work.